分类 Go语言 下的文章

VSCode安装go语言开发环境,go插件问题解决

在安装go插件时,会自动更新很多依赖库文件,都是从Github更新下来,但是因为Github的文件中,多有应用go官网中的文件,导致,因为网络缘故,不能直接下载,导致安装失败,如下:

Installing github.com/nsf/gocode SUCCEEDED
Installing github.com/uudashr/gopkgs/cmd/gopkgs SUCCEEDED
Installing github.com/ramya-rao-a/go-outline FAILED
Installing github.com/acroca/go-symbols FAILED
Installing golang.org/x/tools/cmd/guru FAILED
Installing golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gorename FAILED
Installing github.com/fatih/gomodifytags SUCCEEDED
Installing github.com/haya14busa/goplay/cmd/goplay SUCCEEDED
Installing github.com/josharian/impl FAILED
Installing github.com/rogpeppe/godef SUCCEEDED
Installing sourcegraph.com/sqs/goreturns FAILED
Installing github.com/golang/lint/golint FAILED
Installing github.com/cweill/gotests/... FAILED
Installing github.com/derekparker/delve/cmd/dlv SUCCEEDED

8 tools failed to install.

这些失败的库,不是没有下载下来,而是以来的文件在go官网上,导致失败。以下为解决办法,

1、在%GOPATH%\src\ 目录下,建立golang.org 文件夹,并再新建x文件夹。 目录为 "%GOPATH\src\golang.org\x"

2、完成目录切换后,开始下载插件包:
git clone https://github.com/golang/tools.git tools

3、执行完以后,会多一个tools文件夹。

4、打开vsCode终端,切换到 终端,进入“%GOPATH”目录,执行

go install github.com/ramya-rao-a/go-outline

go install github.com/acroca/go-symbols

go install golang.org/x/tools/cmd/guru

go install golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gorename

go install github.com/josharian/impl

go install github.com/rogpeppe/godef

go install github.com/sqs/goreturns

go install github.com/golang/lint/golint

go install github.com/cweill/gotests/gotests

go install github.com/ramya-rao-a/go-outline

go install github.com/acroca/go-symbols

go install golang.org/x/tools/cmd/guru

go install golang.org/x/tools/cmd/gorename

go install github.com/josharian/impl

go install github.com/rogpeppe/godef

go install github.com/sqs/goreturns

go install github.com/golang/lint/golint

go install github.com/cweill/gotests/gotests

按此方法,可以安装成功。

Linux安装Go语言之环境变量

先解压缩golang到指定目录

tar -C /usr/local -xzf go$VERSION.$OS-$ARCH.tar.gz

创建GOPATH目录

sudo mkdir /usr/local/gopath

环境变量的设置

【1】单个用户配置:在 ~/.bashrc文件末尾加上如下环境变量:

vim ~/.bashrc
复制代码

export GOPATH=/usr/local/gopath
export GOROOT=/usr/local/go
export GOARCH=386
export GOOS=linux
export GOBIN=$GOROOT/bin/
export GOTOOLS=$GOROOT/pkg/tool/
export PATH=$PATH:$GOBIN:$GOTOOLS

复制代码
重新加载 profile 文件,加载环境变量到内存。查看安装版本

source ~/.bashrc

【2】多用户配置(推荐)

vim /etc/profile  # 文件末尾添加以下内容
export GOPATH=/home/www/golang/gopath 
export GOROOT=/usr/local/go
export GOARCH=386
export GOOS=linux
export GOTOOLS=$GOROOT/pkg/tool
export PATH=$PATH:$GOROOT/bin:$GOPATH/bin

重新加载 profile 文件,加载环境变量到内存

source /etc/profile